Recent Experience

AS PRESIDENT OF THE TRIBUNAL

Construction/Finance: President of an ICC Arbitral Tribunal in a dispute between a LATAM
company and a European one in relation to the construction of several international hubs.

Construction: President of an ICC Arbitral Tribunal in a claim between a Mexican company
and a Guatemalan company in the construction sector.

Construction/Finance: President of an ICC Arbitral Tribunal in a dispute between a
European consortium in the nuclear sector, in relation to post-acquisition litigation.

Construction: President of an ICC Arbitral Tribunal in a dispute between a European State
and a European company in relation to the construction of a water supply delivery system in a
European city capital.

Construction: President of an ICC Arbitral Tribunal between a Mexican company and a
European one in relation to services adjacent to a construction site.

Construction: President of an Arbitral Tribunal (Corte Española de Arbitraje) between a
European consortium of engineering companies and a Spanish national company.

Finance: President of an Arbitral Tribunal (Madrid Arbitration Court) between a Spanish
bank and a company in the food sector regarding investment portfolio.

Oil and Gas: President of an ICC Arbitral Tribunal in a dispute between a European State
and an oil and gas company.

Oil and Gas: President of an ICC Arbitral Tribunal in a dispute between two major LATAM
oil and gas companies.

Telecommunications: President of an Arbitral Tribunal (CIMA) between a Spanish national
company and a multinational in the telecoms sector.

Trade: President of an Arbitral Tribunal (Milan Chamber of Commerce) between an Italian
company and a Czech distributor regarding the introduction of illegal products on the
European market.

AS A CO-ARBITRATOR

Investment: Co-arbitrator in  Inversiones Continental (Panamá), S.A. v. Republic of Honduras
(ICSID Case No. ARB/18/40)

Construction: Co-arbitrator in an ICC case between an African State and a company in the
construction sector on the rehabilitation of a stadium.

Construction: Co-arbitrator in an ICC case between an African State and a European
company in the construction of a national road.

Construction: Co-arbitrator in an ICC case between an African State and a European
company in the construction of several facilities.

Construction: Co-arbitrator in an ICC Arbitration between an Italian company and a national
company of a MENA region state on the construction of an industrial site.

Construction: Co-arbitrator in an ICC Arbitration between a European company and a
Middle East company in the construction of a facility.

Construction: Co-arbitrator (Lima Chamber of Commerce) in a dispute in relation to the
construction of water facilities.

Finance: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a group of Spanish banks and a Houston
finance company in relation to a post-acquisition claim.

Finance: Co-arbitrator in an ICC case between two MENA region companies in the financial
sector.

Finance: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a US company and an African State,
arising from a contract in the military sector.

Finance: Co-arbitrator (Madrid Arbitration Court) in a dispute in relation to a post-acquisition
dispute between two Spanish companies.

Finance: Co-arbitration (Madrid Arbitration Court) in a dispute in relation to a shareholder’s
agreement between a major US company and its Spanish partners.

Finance: Co-arbitrator (Lima Chamber of Commerce) in a dispute between two insurance
companies in a post-acquisition dispute.

Energy: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between three LATAM companies in relation to
an EPC contract for the construction of a gas pipeline.

Energy: Co-arbitrator in an SCC arbitration between a European industrial group and a
LATAM consortium for the supply and installation of equipment to a hydroelectric power
station.

Energy: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between two French-Canadian companies in the
environmental sector.

Energy: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a Belgian energy company and a
Mexican one in the solar sector in Mexico

Energy: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a French technology company and a bio-
energy company, in a claim relating to the dismantling, transport and reconstruction of a
bioethanol plant in Egypt.

Energy: Co-arbitrator in an AAA-ICDR case between a USA and a European company in
relation to a renewable energy company dispute.

Chemicals: Co-arbitrator (Milan Chamber of Commerce) between a French and an Italian
company in the industrial paints sector in relation to a post-acquisition claim.

Chemicals: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration involving a Dutch company and an
international group established in Luxembourg in the paper and cardboard packaging sector,
in relation to an asset transfer agreement following a merger.

Port facilities: Co-arbitrator in a dispute between a Slovak company and a Spanish one
before the Arbitration Court of the Czech Chamber of Commerce in relation to the ownership
of a port facility.

Railways: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a European company and a MENA
company in relation to a post-acquisition claim in relation to the construction of an
underground line.

Telecommunications: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a European company and
the Government of an African State relating to the telecommunications sector.

AS SOLE ARBITRATOR

Chemicals: Sole arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a French and a German company in
connection with a contract for the construction of a plastic recycling plant in the automobile
industry.

Construction: Sole arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between Swiss and Italian companies in
relation to the construction of a government palace in an Asian country.

Construction: Sole arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between an Italian construction company
and a Greek company following the construction of a machine in the food sector.

Construction: Sole arbitrator in an Ad Hoc arbitration between a LATAM State and a
LATAM construction company in relation to the renewal of national road.

Construction: Sole arbitrator (Madrid Arbitration Court) in relation to the construction of a
hospital.

Electronics: Sole arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a Spanish and a German company
in the electronics sector, arising from the termination of a contract.

Finance: Sole arbitrator in an ICC dispute between a European company and a LATAM one.

Finance: Sole arbitrator (Madrid Arbitration Court) between a Spanish bank and a company.

Finance: Sole arbitrator (Madrid Court of Arbitration) between two Spanish companies in the
telecommunications sector.

Port facilities: Sole arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a Congolese transport company
and a French manufacturing company, in relation to port rights.

Real state: Sole arbitrator (Madrid Arbitration Court) in a post-acquisition dispute between
two Spanish families with real estate interests.

Technology: Co-arbitrator in an ICC arbitration between a French company and a North African company in relation to the construction of transfer of technology for construction
works.

Technology: Sole arbitrator in an ICC case between two companies in relation to property
rights.

AS EMERGENCY ARBITRATOR

Energy: Emergency Arbitrator appointed by the President of the ICC in an ICC litigation
between two separate Benin companies and a company in the Virgin Islands in relation to a
disagreement over the provisional measures applicable to the Claimant’s assets.

AS SPORTS ARBITRATOR

Football: President in a CAS dispute between a LATAM football club and a European agent.

Football: President in a CAS dispute between a LATAM football player and its agent.

Football: Co-arbitrator in a CAS dispute between two European football club in an appeal
against a FIFA Disputes resolution Chamber decision.

Football: Sole arbitrator in a CAS dispute between a Russian and a Turkish football clubs in
relation to the transfer of an international player.

Football: Sole arbitrator in a CAS dispute between a LATAM club and a UK agent.

Football: Sole arbitrator in a CAS dispute between a European agent and a MENA club.

Football: Sole arbitrator in a CAS dispute between a LATAM player and its agent.

Football: Sole arbitrator in a CAS dispute between a European club and an agent.

Basketball: President of a panel in a CAS appeal against a decision by a federation.

SELECTED PAST EXPERIENCE AS COUNSEL

Carmen has significant past experience acting as counsel to numerous clients in both investment and commercial arbitrations through 30 years of career.

Her experience in investment arbitration cases includes representing both investors and States. Amongst others, she has represented the investors in the arbitration proceedings in Samsung Engineering v. Oman (ICSID Case No. ARB/15/30) and in the arbitration, revision and annulment proceedings in Edenred v. Hungary (ICSID Case No. ARB/13/21). She has also represented the respondent-State in the arbitration proceedings in Serafín García Armas and Karina García Gruber v. Venezuela (PCA Case No. 2013-3).

In addition, Carmen has represented a variety of clients in different sectors in commercial  construction and engineering, energy and oil and gas disputes in Europe, Africa and Latin America.

Amongst others, she has represented a major European energy company in an ICC arbitration related to a Joint Operating Agreement dispute with its European partner in relation to an oil and gas field in North Africa, an American engineering company in three LCIA arbitrations in relation to the rehabilitation of a power station in North Africa, an Eastern European company in two SCC arbitrations against a French company in relation to a technology to produce photovoltaic power, a US multinational company in an ICC arbitration against a construction company regarding breaches of a Consortium Agreement for the construction of wind turbines in Latin America, a European construction company in an arbitration against a West African State in relation to the construction of a national road, a French multinational company in ICC arbitration proceedings in relation to the construction of a hydro-electric power plant in Latin America and a Latin American State-owned company in ICC arbitration proceedings against an American infrastructure company in relation to the construction of a hydrocarbon refinery plant and a marine pipeline.